Preserving The Fire Curtain

The fire curtain at Bucks County Playhouse depicts the town of New Hope, PA. Landmarks of the town can be easily spotted throughout the mural and tells the story of the townspeople’s daily lives. The mural was damaged by water and faded by time, and tears in the curtain overtime had rendered it very fragile and immobile. The distemper paint surface was soiled and there were numerous areas where the paint had flaked off the curtain, creating gaps in the composition.



Moving the curtain was risky. The rigging it was attached to was in bad shape, and moving the curtain could cause further damage to the surface of the mural. The curtain also contained asbestos in the substrata, and moving it—especially with the broken rigging—was very dangerous.

Rigging experts were brought in to stabilize and carefully lower the mural to give the conservators access for treatment. Extensive testing and documentation for the conditions and methods for cleaning and repairing the artwork was performed prior to its restoration. Once effective methods were formulated, our conservators got to work cleaning the mural with a gentle vacuum, and use of dry conservation cleaning agents. The tears in the curtain were repaired, and the entire front and back of the curtain was sealed to encapsulate the asbestos, making it safe for public use, and prevent any further damage to the surface of the work.

Once the historic paint was isolated with a varnish, lost areas were filled in with reversible conservation paint. Missing information was not restored in full, but compensated tonally. Adding in any unknown detail was avoided to preserve the integrity of the work. Rather, we sought to enhance the overall aesthetic of the composition.

Bucks County Playhouse

Built in 1790 By Benjamin Parry | Renovated in 2012

The Bucks County Playhouse is located in New Hope, Pennsylvania, at the site of a former grist mill on the banks of the Delaware River. The original structure was built in 1790 when owner Benjamin Parry rebuilt the Hope Mills, which had recently burned down. The newly christened New Hope Mills inspired the village to change its name from Coryell’s Ferry to New Hope.

Facing demolition in the 1930s, the site was saved when a small band of artists, including Broadway playwright and Bucks County resident Moss Hart, helped rally the local community to renovate it as a theater. The Bucks County Playhouse opened on July 1, 1939, with a production of Springtime for Henry, featuring Edward Everett Horton.

Over the next 70 years, a veritable Who’s Who of Hollywood and Broadway legends have played the stage of BCP—Grace Kelly, Angela Lansbury, Bea Arthur, Walter Matthau, Uta Hagen, Leslie Neilson, Jessica Tandy and Hume Cronyn (in their first stage production together), Liza Minnelli, Helen Hayes, Tovah Feldshuh, Andrea McArdle, June Lockhart, Colleen Dewhurst, Kitty Carlisle, Bert Lahr, and Robert Redford, to name a few.

BCP has also showcased some of the theatre’s most beloved musicals and plays, including She Loves Me, West Side Story, Bye Bye Birdie, Annie Get Your Gun, The Glass Menagerie, The Odd Couple, Dial M for Murder, and Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf? The Playhouse has also launched many Broadway productions including the Pulitzer Prize-winning comedy, Harvey, Neil Simon’s Barefoot in the Park, and James Whitmore’s one-man show about Harry Truman, Give ‘Em Hell, Harry!

The Artist

Charles Child, 1902–1938

Charles Child was born in 1902 in Montclair, New Jersey. After an uneventful childhood, he entered Harvard University where he became the art editor of The Harvard Lampoon. He then spent five years in Europe and Asia, studying and honing his artistic techniques. Upon his return to America, he used those skills and experiences to become a peripatetic artist who ventured into portraits, nudes, landscapes, book illustrations, and fabric design.

In the 1930s, he painted the fire curtain for the Bucks County Playhouse where he depicted the town of New Hope, Pennsylvania. Local landmarks are Bowman’s Tower the Logan Inn, and New Hope Railroad Station, as well as The Playhouse. Many aspects of the townspeople in their daily lives, including a nude sunbather and artists setting up easels, are painted around the landmarks to emphasize New Hope’s reputation as an artists’ colony. In 1937, as part of the WPA program, he created the mural William Markham Purchases Bucks County Territory, oil on canvas, for the Doylestown, Pennsylvania main post office.

He directed the art and music section of the Cultural Board of the State Department in 1942 and later he was an advisor on the Arts and Humanities Board and helped to develop a cultural exchange program. He illustrated and wrote a book in 1965, Roots in the Rock, which was a non-fiction account of the building of his summer home in Maine. For many years, Child wrote a weekly column for the New Hope Gazette called “The Inner Eye”, focusing on his travels and observations of contemporary life.

An interesting side note on Charles Child is that his twin brother, Paul, also an artist and a poet as well as a cartographer and a member of the State Department, met and married in 1946 Julia McWilliams, eventually famous as Julia Child, The French chef.

Charles Child died on February 8, 1983, at Pennswood Village in Newtown, PA.